The Beginnings Byconditions for Czech Jews were growing worse. The Nazis were in the process of creating a plan of how to treat and how to deal with Czechs and Czech-Jews. The Czech-Jewish community had already felt pangs of loss and disunion since several transports had already been sent East. Jakob Edelstein, a prominent member of the Czech-Jewish community, believed that it would be better for his community for them to be concentrated locally rather than sent to the East.
See Article History Alternative Title: Reinhard Heydrichthe head of the SS the Nazi paramilitary corpsestablished the camp at Theresienstadt on November 24, The Nazis intended the camp to house elderly, privileged, and famous Jews from Germany, Austria, the Czech lands, and western Europe.
As the home—and the place of death—of some of the most prominent Czech, Austrian, and German artists, writers, scientists, jurists, diplomats, musicians, and scholars, Theresienstadt had a rich cultural life.
Some 15, children passed through Theresienstadt, and the community ensured that their education continued with a rigorous daily routine of classes, athletic activities, and art.
They painted pictures and wrote poetry. At times, over 50, Jews lived in the space once inhabited by 7, Czechs. In15, people died, more than half the average daily population of Theresienstadt at the time. While Europeans elsewhere often quickly lost interest in their deported Jewish fellow citizens, the Danes persisted in demanding that the Germans account for these Danish citizens and allow the Red Cross to visit the ghetto.
To dispel rumours about the extermination camps, the Nazis permitted the visit, but they arranged an elaborate hoax. The Red Cross visited the Danish Jews—no more than two or three in a room—in freshly painted quarters.
The hoax succeeded so well that the Nazis made a propaganda film at Theresienstadt showing how well the Jews were living under the benevolent protection of the Third Reich.
When the filming was finished, the Nazis deported most of the cast, including nearly all of the children, to Auschwitz. Of the approximatelyJews sent to Theresienstadt, some 33,—almost 1 in 4—died there, and about 88, were deported to Auschwitz and other death camps. The Germans transferred control of the camp to the Red Cross on May 3,and Soviet troops liberated it five days later.The Theresienstadt Ghetto: Its Characteristics and Perspective Ruth Bondy [Note: Ruth Bondy is a writer, journalist and translator, residing in Israel.
Born in the former Czechoslovakia, she survived Theresienstadt and Auschwitz.] The Theresienstadt ghetto is difficult to classify. It was not a concentration camp in Nazi’s were defeated.
History of Ghetto Theresienstadt. Hitler sent the German Jews to the Lodz ghetto, located in what had formerly been Poland or to Theresienstadt, located in what was formerly the country of Czechoslovakia.
After the Nazis invaded Poland and then occupied the country, they initially put the Polish Jews into ghettos, using the excuse that had.
A chronicle of the Nazi persecution of the Jews. Encyclopedia of Jewish and Israeli history, politics and culture, with biographies, statistics, articles and documents on topics from anti-Semitism to Zionism.
Recently reading about the Houston Holocaust Museum's planned exhibition titled The Butterfly Project, I read for the first time Pavel Friedmann's poem The Butterfly" in which he remarks that he has seen no butterfly in the ghetto though some of the beauty of the natural world insists on itself even there.
1. Overviews of The Nazi Holocaust --this Ultimate Example of Man's Inhumanity to Man.