Both conformity and compliance are prevalent in all types of groups, but first is important to point out the differences between these two types of behavior. Conformity within a group entails members changing their attitudes and beliefs in order to match those of others within the group.
To investigate how readily people would conform to the roles of guard and prisoner in a role-playing exercise that simulated prison life. Zimbardo was interested in finding out whether the brutality reported among guards in American prisons was due to the sadistic personalities of the guards or had more to do with the prison environment.
Stanford Prison Experiment, Milgram Experiment Shocking Experiments Reveal Thin Line Between Victim, Perpetrator After seeing how easily most people can be influenced by authority to commit acts very much . Outline and Evaluate Milgrams Study of Obedience comparative critique similarities and differences are given between two articles as well as the readers own opinion of the authors’ work. Diana Baumrind's "Review of Stanley Milgram's Experiments on Obedience" says that Milgram "entrapped". Studies: Milgram, Asch and Zimbardo Zimbardo's Stanford Prison experiment Aim: To investigate how readily people would conform to the roles of guard and prisoner in a .
Participants were randomly assigned to either the role of prisoner or guard in a simulated prison environment. No physical violence was permitted. Zimbardo observed the behavior of the prisoners and guards. Here they were treated like every other criminal.
Then they were blindfolded and driven to the psychology department of Stanford University, where Zimbardo had had the basement set out as a prison, with barred doors and windows, bare walls and small cells.
Here the deindividuation process began. When the prisoners arrived at the prison they were stripped naked, deloused, had all their personal possessions removed and locked away, and were given prison clothes and bedding. They were issued a uniform, and referred to by their number only.
Their clothes comprised a smock with their number written on it, but no underclothes. They also had a tight nylon cap, and a chain around one ankle.
There were 3 guards to the 9 prisoners, taking shifts of eight hours each the other guards remained on call Results: Within a very short time both guards and prisoners were settling into their new roles, the guards adopting theirs quickly and easily.
Zimbardo had intended that the experiment should run for a fortnight, but on the sixth day he closed it down. There was real danger that someone might be physically or mentally damaged if it was allowed to run on.
Therefore, the roles that people play can shape their behavior and attitudes. Milgram was interested in researching how far people would go in obeying an instruction if it involved harming another person.
Stanley Milgram was interested in how easily ordinary people could be influenced into committing atrocities for example, Germans in WWII. Participants were 40 males, aged between 20 and 50, whose jobs ranged from unskilled to professional.
At the beginning of the experiment they were introduced to another participant, who was actually a confederate of the experimenter. They drew straws to determine their roles — leaner or teacher — although this was fixed and the confederate always ended to the learner.
The teacher is told to administer an electric shock every time the learner makes a mistake, increasing the level of shock each time. There were 30 switches on the shock generator marked from 15 volts to volts. The learner gave mainly wrong answers and for each of these the teacher gave him an electric shock.
All the participants continued to volts. Ordinary people are likely to follow orders given by an authority figure, even to the extent of killing an innocent human being.
Obedience to authority is ingrained in us all from the way we are brought up. Obey parents, teachers, anyone in authority etc. Solomon Asch conducted an experiment to investigate the extent to which social pressure from a majority group could affect a person to conform.Jun 14, · The abuse in the Abu Ghraib prison showed comparable actions similar to the experiments of Zimbardo and Milgram in ways that people are not willing to stand up to authority figures.
Milgrams experiment results can be seen within the walls of Abu Graib. During the investigations into the abuse, many of the guards of Abu Ghraib Reviews: 2. Most of these authority figures that have been named are given their authority by society.
We are just told to follow what they tell you to do. From these experiments you can see that obedience is a trait that can be seen in everybody under the right circumstances or situations.
The Conformity, & Obedience in Cults and Militant . The Similarities and Differences in the Experiments in Milgram's Obedience to Authority and Zimbardo's Stanford Prison Experiment PAGES 7.
WORDS 1, View Full Essay. More essays like this: Not sure what I'd do without @Kibin - Alfredo Alvarez, student @ Miami University. Studies: Milgram, Asch and Zimbardo Zimbardo's Stanford Prison experiment Aim: To investigate how readily people would conform to the roles of guard and prisoner in a .
Designs of Milgram’s and Zimbardo’s researches as aimed to study experimentally humans’ ability to do damage and evil have been compared. Do classic experiments led by Milgram and Zimbardo show people blindly following orders to harm others? New analysis shows that there is creativity at work.
Milgram and Zimbardo: Creative Evil Rather than Blind Obedience? November 24, by Gina Putt Leave a Comment.
Share Pin. Tweet +1 1. described as a study of “obedience to.