Life[ edit ] A marble relief of a poet, perhaps Sophocles Sophocles, the son of Sophilus, was a wealthy member of the rural deme small community of Hippeios Colonus in Atticawhich was to become a setting for one of his plays, and he was probably born there. Instead of following the usual custom of choosing judges by lot, the archon asked Cimon and the other strategoi present to decide the victor of the contest.
Life[ edit ] A marble relief of a poet, perhaps Sophocles Sophocles, the son of Sophilus, was a wealthy member of the rural deme small community of Hippeios Colonus in Atticawhich was to become a setting for one of his plays, and he was probably born there.
Sophocles' first artistic triumph was in BC, when he took first prize in the Dionysia theatre competition over the reigning master of Athenian drama, Aeschylus. Instead of following the usual custom of choosing judges by lot, the archon asked Cimon and the other strategoi present to decide the victor of the contest.
Plutarch further contends that following this loss Aeschylus soon left for Sicily. For this, he was given the posthumous epithet Dexion receiver by the Athenians. The most famous is the suggestion that he died from the strain of trying to recite a long sentence from his Antigone without pausing to take a breath.
Another account suggests he choked while eating grapes at the Anthesteria festival in Athens.
A third holds that he died of happiness after winning his final victory at the City Dionysia. In that work, a character named Myrtilus, in a lengthy banquet speech claims that Ion of Chios writes in his book Encounters, that Sophocles loved boys as much as Euripides loved women.
Myrtilus also repeats an anecdote reportedly told by Ion of Chios that involves Sophocles flirting with a serving boy at a symposium. Myrtilus also claims that in a work by Hieronymus of Rhodes entitled Historical Notes it is said that Sophocles once lured a boy outside to have sex, and afterwards the boy left with Sophocles' cape, while the boy's own cape was left with Sophocles.
Among Sophocles' earliest innovations was the addition of a third actor, which further reduced the role of the chorus and created greater opportunity for character development and conflict between characters. It was not until after the death of the old master Aeschylus in BC that Sophocles became the pre-eminent playwright in Athens.
Of the others, Electra shows stylistic similarities to these two plays, which suggests that it was probably written in the latter part of his career. AjaxAntigone and The Trachiniae are generally thought to be among his early works, again based on stylistic elements, with Oedipus Rex coming in Sophocles' middle period.
Most of Sophocles' plays show an undercurrent of early fatalism and the beginnings of Socratic logic as a mainstay for the long tradition of Greek tragedy. All three plays concern the fate of Thebes during and after the reign of King Oedipus.
Not only are the Theban plays not a true trilogy three plays presented as a continuous narrative but they are not even an intentional series and contain some inconsistencies among them.
His family is fated to be doomed for three generations. In Oedipus RexOedipus is the protagonist. Oedipus' infanticide is planned by his parents, Laius and Jocasta, to avert him from fulfilling a prophecy; in truth, the servant entrusted with the infanticide passes the infant on through a series of intermediaries to a childless couple, who adopt him not knowing his history.
Oedipus eventually learns of the Delphic Oracle 's prophecy of him, that he would kill his father and marry his mother; Oedipus attempts to flee his fate without harming those he knows as his parents at this point, he does not know that he is adopted.
Oedipus meets a man at a crossroads accompanied by servants; Oedipus and the man fight, and Oedipus kills the man who was his father, Laius, although neither knew at the time. He becomes the ruler of Thebes after solving the riddle of the sphinx and in the process, marries the widowed queen, his mother Jocasta.
Thus the stage is set for horror. When the truth comes out, following from another true but confusing prophecy from Delphi, Jocasta commits suicide, Oedipus blinds himself and leaves Thebes. At the end of the play, order is restored. This restoration is seen when Creon, brother of Jocasta, becomes king, and also when Oedipus, before going off to exile, asks Creon to take care of his children.
Oedipus's children will always bear the weight of shame and humiliation because of their father's actions. Oedipus dies and strife begins between his sons Polyneices and Eteocles. In Antigonethe protagonist is Oedipus' daughter, Antigone. She is faced with the choice of allowing her brother Polyneices' body to remain unburied, outside the city walls, exposed to the ravages of wild animals, or to bury him and face death.
|Sophocles - Wikipedia||Having actors who played individual roles was an innovation that began within Sophocles' own lifetime. You could even argue that the chorus is the center of the drama.|
|Expert Answers||Synopsis[ edit ] Prior to the beginning of the play, brothers Eteocles and Polyneices, leading opposite sides in Thebes ' civil war, died fighting each other for the throne.|
|Society, Antigone according of Anouilh. The play was also interpreted to represent the struggle of the French Resistance movement against the forces of the Vichy government during the height of Nazi occupation; although Anouilh maintained an a-political stance regarding the appropriation of his play.|
|Sophocles - Wikipedia||Themes The Nature of Tragedy Halfway through the play, the Chorus appears on the scene to announce that the tragedy is on.|
|Antigone - Sophocles - Ancient Greece - Classical Literature||Painting by Frederic Leighton,|
The king of the land, Creon, has forbidden the burial of Polyneices for he was a traitor to the city. Antigone decides to bury his body and face the consequences of her actions.
Creon sentences her to death.In Sophocles' Three Theban Plays, fate plays a crucial role in Theban and Athenian societies. Fate is the will of the gods, and as is apparent in Antigone, the gods' will is not to be questioned.
Much of Sophocles' work focuses on the struggle between civil law and what is believed to be divine law/5(3). In the play Antigone by Sophocles, the chorus and chorus leader represent the people of Thebes who attempt to talk rationality into the main character, Antigone, and the king, Creon.
Unfortunately, wisdom is found too late, and the 'I told you so' comes from this group at the end of the performance.
An Analysis of the Role of Individuals in Society in Antigone, a Play by Sophocles PAGES 2. WORDS 1, View Full Essay. sophocles, antigone, society in antigone. Not sure what I'd do without @Kibin - Alfredo Alvarez, student @ Miami University. Antigone is an individual. She is independent, strong-willed, and courageous.
Antigone is not limited by the boundaries put on women by society. Ismene, on the other hand, conforms to how society perceives women. Sophocles. Antigone portray the role of women of in a Greek society by having two opposing characters, Antigone and her sister.
Dec 18, · First, is the aggrandizing of the individual as expressed with the character of Antigone; and second is the broad applicability of the play to any time or .
Sophocles wrote over plays during the course of his life, but only seven have survived in a complete form: Ajax, Antigone, Women of Trachis, Oedipus Rex, Electra, Philoctetes and Oedipus at Colonus.