The korean war and communism essay

At the time the majority of the world was either democratic or independent while only a handful of countries were communist; however all were powerful countries such as the Soviet Union and China. Which meant communism can spread adamantly, and rampantly. So to counteract these overtakes, the United Nations, especially the United States had responded vehemently against the rule, with the use of containment in the form of policies, treaties, and responsive actions. Throughout the Cold War, they had managed to contain communist hotspots, and strongholds, in Berlin, Korea, and Cuba.

The korean war and communism essay

She had joined the Bolsheviks in The party became the Korean section of the Communist International at the 6th congress of the International in August—September But after only a few months as the Korean Comintern section, the perpetual feuds between rival factions that had plagued the party from its foundation led the Comintern to disband the Communist Party of Korea in December the same year.

Some Korean communists went into exile in Chinawhere they participated in the early years of Communist Party of China. In the early s Korean and Chinese communists began guerrilla activity against the Japanese forces.

End of the Second World War[ The korean war and communism essay ] After the liberation inthe situation for the Korean communists changed considerably. In the South, the Communist Party leader Pak Hon-yong, who had been a resistance fighter, became active in Seoul upon his release in He reorganized a Central Committeeof which he became the Secretary.

Being based in Seoul, his group had limited contact with the Soviets in the north. At the time, there were very few Communist cadres in the North. Kim Il-sung became a prominent figure of the party in the northern areas. His battalion arrived in Pyongyang just as the Soviets were looking for a suitable person who could assume a leading role in North Korea.

Though technically under the control of the Seoul-based party leadership, the North Korean Bureau had little contact with Seoul and worked closely with the Soviet Civilian Authority. The first chairman of the Bureau was Kim Yong-bom, who had been sent to Korea by the Comintern in the s to conduct underground activity.

Kim Il-sung was a member of the Bureau at its founding and replaced Kim Yong-bom as chairman in December Official North Korean historians later disputed this, claiming that Kim Il-sung had become its chairman from the onset of the Bureau.

Moreover, official North Korean sources claim that the meeting was held on October Official North Korean historians tend to seek to downplay the role of early communist leaders like Pak Hon-yong.

Moreover, the Korean communists had been riddled by internal differences, and different communist fractions were present in the new unified party. At the time of the founding of the new party discussions emerged on the role of Marxism—Leninism as the ideological foundation of the party.

The korean war and communism essay

At the inaugural congress of the party, Kim Il-sung stated that " If we were to fight against the enemy without meeting these conditions within our ranks, it would be nothing less than folly. The Workers Party of South Korea was outlawed in the South, but the party organized a network of clandestine cells and was able to obtain a considerable following.

It had around party members. In the party initiated armed guerrilla struggle. As the persecution of party intensified, large sections of the party leadership moved to Pyongyang. The party was opposed to the formation of a South Korean state.

In February—March it instigated general strikes in opposition to the plans to create a separate South Korean state. In the suppression of the revolt, thousands of islanders were killed see Jeju massacre.

The Soviet Koreans, led by Alexei Ivanovich Hegay[17] [18] were made up of waves of ethnic Koreans who were born or raised in Russia after their families moved there starting in the s.

Some of them had returned to Korea covertly as Communist operatives in the twenties and thirties but most were members of the Red Army or civilians who were stationed in North Korea following World War II.

This grouping had played an important role in building up the party structure of the early Communist Party in Pyongyang directly after the Second World War. Many members of the Yanan faction had fought in the Chinese 8th and New 4th Armies and thus had close relations with Mao Zedong.

The Guerrilla faction, led by Kim Il-sung, was made up of former Korean guerillas who had been active in Manchuria. Many in this group ended up fleeing Manchuria, as their armed resistance was suppressed, and moved to the Soviet Union where many of them, including Kim, were drafted into the Red Army.

The factions were represented proportionately in the leading bodies of the WPNK. In the first politburo of the party the Soviet Korean fraction had three members, the Yanan fraction had six, the domestic fraction had two and the guerrilla fraction had two.

The guerrilla faction was actually the smallest of the fractions in the Central Committee but they had the advantage of having Kim Il-sung, who led the North Korean government and was highly influential within the party. The WPK was able to re-establish its rule north of this line.

Purges[ edit ] In the early years of the party Kim Il-sung was the acknowledged leader, but he did not yet have absolute power since it was necessary to balance off the interests of the various factions.Essay on Review of the Korean War - A. Plan of Investigation The investigation assesses the scope of how United States anti-communism affected the outcome of the Korean War.

Watch video · Though the Korean War started on this day 65 years ago—June 25, —when North Korean tanks crossed the 38th parallel, the boundary with South Korea, TIME’s reporting from the . In this sense, Korean War was resembled to the Marshall Plan in Europe.

Also estrangement BTW Soviet and SPY-island disputes China became an adversary. The Communist intervention of the Korean war changed US attitude to Aching Aka-seek and Chinese civil war. Therefore, unlike the Cuban Missile Crisis, the Korean War was key in the spread of the Cold War outside Europe as the superpowers were driven by ideological differences which centers between communism and democracy, hence heightening the Cold War tension between US and USSR.

The Korean War was the first major armed clash between Free World and Communist forces, as the so-called Cold War turned hot. The following essay is one of five accessible and readable studies designed to enhance understanding of the U.S. Army’s role and achievements in the Korean conflict.

The Chinese Intervention. 3 November Cold War Revision A war short of full scale war because of the development of the Atomic bomb. CAUSES OF THE COLD WAR [BARE] 1. Beliefs: Russia was a Communist country, ruled by a dictator who cared little about human rights.