Alternative names[ edit ] The Mid-Autumn Festival is also known by other names, such as: Moon Festival or Harvest Moon Festival, because of the celebration's association with the full moon on this night, as well as the traditions of moon worship and moon gazing. Lantern Festival, a term sometimes used in SingaporeMalaysia and Indonesiawhich is not to be confused with the Lantern Festival in China that occurs on the 15th day of the first month of the Chinese calendar. Reunion Festival, in earlier times, a woman in China took this occasion to visit her parents before returning to celebrate with her husband and his parents.
Many refer to it simply as the "Fifteenth of the Eighth Month.
Overwhelmed with joy when they have a bumper harvest and quite relaxed after a year of hard work, they feel it is a time for relaxation and celebration.
Food offerings -- including moon cakes, apples, pears, peaches, grapes, pomegranates, watermelons, oranges, and so on -- are placed on an altar set up in the courtyard. Of all these foods, moon cakes and watermelons cut into the shape of a lotus are indispensable for the Mid-Autumn Festival.
Bathing in the silver moonlight, the families will sit together and take turns to worship the moon, chatting and sharing the moon offerings. The Mid-Autumn Festival is a traditional festivity for both the Han and minority nationalities, with a history of more than 2, years.
In feudal times, Chinese emperors prayed to Heaven for a prosperous year.
They chose the morning of the 15th day of the second lunar month to worship the sun and the evening of the 15th day of the eighth lunar month to hold a ceremony in praise of the moon.
Every year the emperor would go there to offer a sacrifice to the moon. The custom of worshipping the moon called xi yue in Chinese can be traced back to as far as the ancient Xia and Shang Dynasties th century BC.
In the Zhou Dynasty 11th centuryBCpeople held ceremonies to greet winter and worship the moon whenever the mid-Autumn set in.
It became prevalent in the Tang Dynasty for the Autumn festival in my country to enjoy and worship the full moon. During the Autumn festival in my country Song Dynastyhowever, people sent round cakes to their relatives as gifts to express their best wishes for a family reunion. When it became dark, they would look up at the full silver moon or go sightseeing by the lakeside to celebrate the festival.
By the Ming and Qing dynasties, the Mid-Autumn Festival celebration had become unprecedented popular, with the appearance of some special customs in different parts of the country, such as playing under the moon, burning incense, planting Mid-Autumn trees, lighting lanterns on towers, or performing fire dragon dances.
Nowadays, while many customs of playing under the moon are no longer observed, the custom of enjoying the bright silver moon and eating moon cakes remains an important part of the Mid-Autumn Festival. Whenever the festival comes, people tend to look up at the full silver moon and drink wine as a way to celebrate their happy life and to extend their best wishes to their relatives and friends far from home.
As people are enjoying the enchanting spell of the Mid-autumn night, they are often reminded of the many beautiful legends about the moon. Chang E Ascending to the Moon It is said that there were 10 suns in the sky during the ancient times, scorching the earth and its crops.
To save the world from the misery, a skilled archer, Hou Yi, shot down nine of the suns. Hou Yi's extraordinary deeds won the love and respect of many common people, some of whom came to him to seek instruction, including Peng Meng, an evil man. Soon after, Hou Yi married Chang E, a beautiful and kindhearted woman.
Unwilling to leave his wife, Hou Yi handed the elixir to Chang E, who hid it in a locker of her dresser. Peng Meng saw the whole process. Several days later, when Hou Yi went hunting with his apprentices, Peng Meng, pretending to be ill, stayed at home.
Soon after they left, Peng, holding a sword in hand, broke into Chang E's room and tried to force her to give him the elixir. Knowing that she could not defeat him, Chang turned around, got the elixir and swallowed it.
Right after she swallowed the elixir, Chang began floating upwards into the sky, and with her heart on her husband, she settled down on the moon, the nearest body from the earth.
When Hou Yi returned home in the evening and learned what had happened, he felt the whole world had collapsed. As he shouted Chang E's named into the sky, he found the moon that night was especially clear and bright with a swaying silhouette similar to that of his wife.
He chased the moon crazily, but failed to catch up in the end, as the moon moved with him. Missing his wife so much, Hou Yi had no other choice but to have his servants place Chang E's favorite fruits on a table in the garden where she frequently visited, to worship his beloved wife living on the moon.
Informed of the news, other common people also did the same thing, praying to Chang E for good fortune and peace. Since then, the custom of worshipping the moon on the mid-autumn day has been widespread.
Wu Gang Cutting the Cherry Bay According to another legend about the Mid-autumn Festival, in front of the Guanghan Palace in the moon there is a cherry bay, which has grown exuberantly to a height of more than zhang about 1, meters. Under the tree, there is always a man trying to cut it down with an ax.
However, every time he cuts it down, the tree will immediately spring back to its feet.Europe's biggest singles festival takes place every September Lisdoonvarna on Irelands Wild Atlantic Way. Music and dancing in every bar from 11am till late. Oct 12, · Autumn Festival - Giga Mall Islamabad Please Don't forget to Like and Subscribe to my Channel for more entertainment Videos.
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Country Kitchen SweetArt Speedway Drive Fort Wayne, Indiana () Open M-F am pm EST for phone orders and customer service. Mid-Autumn Festival is a big event in the country, also called “Thanksgiving Day” by local people.
People there enjoy a three-day holiday, when they go back to hometowns to visit families and relatives.