Prehistory[ edit ] Humans first settled in East Timor 42, years ago.
Pre-colonial Timor The island of Timor was populated as part of the human migrations that have shaped Australasia more generally. In evidence was uncovered of humans in East Timor at 42, years ago, at the Jerimalai cave site. It is believed that survivors from three waves of migration still live in the country.
The first is described by anthropologists as people of the Veddo - Australoid type. Around BC, a second migration brought Melanesians. The earlier Veddo-Australoid peoples withdrew at this time to the mountainous interior. Finally, proto-Malays arrived from south China and north Indochina.
Hakka traders are among those descended from this final group. Timor was part of a region of small islands with small populations of similarly land-focussed peoples that now make up eastern Indonesia.
Contact with the outside world was via networks of foreign seafaring traders from as far as China and India that served the archipelago. One of the most significant is the Wehali kingdom in central Timor, to which the TetumBunaq and Kemak ethnic groups were aligned.
You can help by adding to it. June Main article: Portuguese Timor The first Europeans to arrive in the area were the Portuguesewho landed near modern Pante Macassar.
These Portuguese were traders that arrived between and However, only in did a group of Dominican friars establish their missionary work in the area. By the seventeenth century the village of Lifau - today part of the Oecussi enclave - became the centre of Portuguese activities.
At this time, the Portuguese began to convert the Timorese to Catholicism. Starting ina military expedition led by the Portuguese Francisco Fernandes took place. In the territory officially became a Portuguese colony, known as Portuguese Timorwhen Lisbon sent its first governor, with Lifau as its capital.
Portuguese control over the territory was tenuous particularly in the mountainous interior. Dominican friars, the occasional Dutch raid, and the Timorese themselves provided opposition to the Portuguese.
The control of colonial administrators, largely restricted to Dilihad to rely on traditional tribal chieftains for control and influence. Investment in infrastructure, health, and education was minimal.
The island was seen as a way to exile those who the government in Lisbon saw as "problems" - these included political prisoners as well as ordinary criminals. Portuguese ruled through a traditional system of liurai local chiefs.
Sandalwood remained the main export crop with coffee exports becoming significant in the mid-nineteenth century. In places where Portuguese rule was asserted, it tended to be brutal and exploitative. At the beginning of the twentieth century, a faltering home economy prompted the Portuguese to extract greater wealth from its colonies.
Meanwhile, the Dutch were colonising the rest of the island and the surrounding archipelago that is now Indonesia. Portugal received the eastern half, together with the north coast pocket of Oecussi.1 East Timor A former Portuguese colony that was annexed by Indonesia in ; voted for independence from Indonesia in and in May became an independent nation.
is an instance of: country, land, state. The conflict in the former Portuguese Southeast Asian colony of East Timor, illegally invaded and annexed by Indonesia in September , continues to fester away.
East Timor is bounded by the Timor Sea to the southeast, the Wetar Strait to the north, the Ombai Strait to the northwest, and western Timor (part of the Indonesian province of .
Although Portugal began the process of decolonizing East Timor in , Macau during – was sometimes considered Portugal's last remaining colony, as the Indonesian invasion of East Timor was not justified by Portugal.
East Timor s Unfinished Struggle is necessary reading for anyone who wants to understand East Timor and who hopes to see self determination for its people Nobel Peace Prize Winner Jos Ant nio Ramos Horta, from the schwenkreis.com the Nobel Peace Prize was awarded to two East Tise activists, few had heard of East Timor or of its struggle.
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