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Social workers find his attitude disappointing, and say so loudly and repeatedly. Psychologists call on abstruse terms to explain him.
Educationalists plan to protect and improve him. Adolescents are encouraged to be vocal in their own defence and to excuse their defects, while their parents are left under the impression that they are responsible for every fault found in the young people's conduct.
What is to be thought of all this? What, in fact, is the adolescent, and how does life at the present time affect his development and growth? The period of adolescence may be taken for convenience to begin about 13 years of age and to have ended about The characteristics which distinguish the adolescent however may sometimes begin earlier or may last longer.
Much study has been devoted by psychologists and sociologists to this phase of a person's life, and from these studies it is established that the term adolescence may denote a mental attitude as well as an age group.
While it must be kept in mind that each individual is unique, and is exactly like no other, there are nevertheless certain characteristics which are generally true of all, and most adolescents may be expected to display them.
A knowledge of these features will help towards the better understanding of the individuals who belong to this important section of the community, on whom the future of society so largely depends.
He is passing from childhood to adulthood, and during the transition period is not firmly fixed in either category.
The peculiar difficulties as well as the strength of the adolescent all spring from this and from his consciousness of it. As a child he depended naturally on adults, and accepted their direction willingly. Now he is conscious of separate standards of judgment, which are his own.
These he wants to apply, but he is still vaguely unsure of them. He feels that these independent standards of judgment should be sufficient, but he lacks experience in their use; so he tends to be hasty, even ruthless at times, and he cannot see the need for the diplomacy and tact or the careful timing and finesse which adults have learned to be necessary for the most economic use of the means available to them.
Thus he is insecure in his mind and impatient ; he feels that his seniors have grown dull and unperceptive, and do not understand the world as well as he does. If his elders counsel restraint and patience, or discourage his enthusiasm or his hurry, he may look on this as an attempt to justify their own inertia; if they criticise his methods, he is apt to think that they are jealous of his acuteness.
He sees that his elders have grown accustomed to living with problems which because he has just met them, seem to him to demand urgent solution. Thus he is impatient to get to grips with the faults he finds so abundantly in life. He feels he has a solution which he will not be allowed to apply.
Sometimes indeed, that is unfortunately true, and knowledge of this increases the difficulty. In the early stages, when bodily development is rapid, the young person is likely to shoot up and out unevenly at too fast a rate for proper control over muscular activity, with the result that he is awkward and ungainly for a time.
This tends to make both boys and girls self-conscious and shy. A secondary result of the rapid physical growth of the period is the tendency to ' grow out of clothes and this often causes inordinate difficulty.
It may appear unimportant to an adult but to the peculiar temperament of the adolescent it can be the source of great unhappiness. Skin blemishes are common at this time, and may produce the same effect.
The development of the secondary sex-characteristics frequently serves to produce a similar result of self-consciousness. All these factors combine to cause feelings of embarrassment in company which is resented.
This occurs, moreover, at a time when the desire to be thought much of, to be self-assured and self-possessed is vital, and it frequently gives rise to a reaction towards anti-social conduct, to a rebellious mood which is quite out of character with the docile boy or girl of a few years before.
This behaviour can be disconcerting to those parents and elders who do not understand what is happening. In passing we may remark that advertisers and salesmen often play on the adolescent's fears and weakness in this matter of physical defects and social inexperience to further their sales of aids, books 'cures or cosmetics.
In doing so they take a very unfair advantage of young people by increasing their consciousness of these defects and do them great disservice.
The adolescent discovers new desires and longings in himself and greater emotional capacities, the effects of which are frequently not understood. The company of the other sex becomes desirable, unlike the previous period in life, when a natural segregation separated the sexes, and the attitude of one sex to the other was one of contempt or bare toleration.
This important change of attitude takes place at a time when the individual feels hampered by that self-consciousness and lack of confidence to which I have just referred. Easy social intercourse appears very desirable but even more difficult for him to attain.
At the same time a curiosity which is natural urges him to explore the newly discovered emotional possibilities, and he becomes aware of incipient inner conflict.
This conflict derives from inability to distinguish clearly between what is a natural attraction and what is undue acceptance of it, between restraining religious and social demands on the one hand, and his own unaccustomed desires and inclinations on the other.
While it is true that this factor certainly causes great difficulty for many adolescents, it would be wrong to reduce all their tensions and difficulties to the one difficulty of awakening sex interest.The Major Contributors to the Rebelliousness Among the Youths in Today's Society.
It has been fifteen years since the bloody border war between Eritrea and Ethiopia ended in Since then, though the guns has been silenced, and occasional sporadic and limited clashes continued, thousands of Eritrean youth cross the border heading towards Ethiopian refugee camps from where they continue the arduous journey to Europe and elsewhere.
. Risk & Protective Factors Research shows that the risk for substance abuse and other adverse behaviors increases as the number of risk factors increases, and that protective factors may reduce the risk of youth engaging in substance use that can lead to substance abuse.
Office of Justice Systems Analysis Research Report ©COPYRIGHT —NEW YORK STATE DIVISION OF CRIMINAL JUSTICE SERVICES Factors Contributing To Recidivism Among Youth Placed With The New York . The Major Contributors to the Rebelliousness Among the Youths in Today's Society PAGES 1.
WORDS View Full Essay. More essays like this: Not sure what I'd do without @Kibin - Alfredo Alvarez, student @ Miami University.
Exactly what I needed. - Jenna Kraig, student @ UCLA. Wow. Most helpful essay resource ever! May 09, · As youth grow and reach their developmental competencies, there are contextual variables that promote or hinder the process.
These are frequently referred to as protective and risk factors. The presence or absence and various combinations of protective and risk factors contribute to the mental health of youth.