Early life[ edit ] Dubuffet was born in Le Havre to a family of wholesale wine merchants who were part of the wealthy bourgeoisie.
He began making art in earnest at age 41, after a stint in the army and a successful career as a wine merchant. The next four decades were tremendously prolific: His own collection of this work, formed in part with the help of the Surrealist Andre Breton and writer Jean Paulhan, was donated to the city of Lausanne, Switzerland, in In the studio, Dubuffet was a relentless innovator, experimenting with unorthodox tools and materials by mixing gravel into his paints; making impressions from foliage, orange peels, and tapioca; or covering canvases with tin foil, as in Soul of the Underground.
He worked fluidly between mediums, with his trials in painting informing his radical work in the print shop, where he attacked lithographic stones with sandpaper, flaming rags, and chemicals. He carefully inked webs onto paper and then translated them into allover horizon-less compositions on canvas, creating views that suggest both the microscopic and the celestial.
His printmaking reached its zenith with Phenomenaa group of lithographs parsed into 24 albums, which evoke myriad natural states, textures, and surfaces.
World House Gallery, A Source Book by Artists and Critics, ed. Chipp Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press, His idealistic approach to aesthetics embraced so called "low art" and eschewed traditional standards of beauty in favor of what he believed to be a more authentic and humanistic approach to image-making.
Dubuffet enjoyed a prolific art career, both in France and in America, and was featured in many exhibitions throughout his lifetime.Giacometti’s Work. Giacometti and Existentialism.
Part III: Art and Perception- Existentialism? Introduction. Existentialism and Contemporary Influence into his work would reveal more about arts relationship to society than Dubuffets artistic relationship to existentialism.
Jean Helion’s work shows a similarity in its concerns, it. Jean Dubuffet was born in Le Havre, France and became a very successful Abstract/Pop artist, although he has also been considered a Futurist and a Surrealist by some critics.
However, Dubuffet's biggest accomplishment was probably being one of the most experimental and original artist of his time, and is considered the leader of the Art Brut. Influenced by Hans Prinzhorn's book Artistry of the Mentally Ill, Dubuffet coined the term art brut (meaning "raw art," often referred to as 'outsider art') for art produced by non-professionals working outside aesthetic norms, such as art by psychiatric patients, prisoners, and children.
Dubuffet felt that the simple life of the everyday human being . Outsider Art is virtually synonymous with Art Brut in both spirit and meaning, to that rarity of art produced by those who do not know its name." Art Brut: literally translated from French means "raw art"; 'Raw' in that it has not been through the 'cooking' process: the world of art schools, galleries, museums.
Pietà or Revolution by Night (Pietà ou La révolution la nuit) () is a painting by German surrealist and Dadaist Max Ernst. The painting is interpreted as symbolic of the turbulent relationship between the artist and his father, as an amateur painter and staunchCatholic.
Jean Dubuffet had been the first, in , to start collecting 'works by people unscathed by artistic culture'. In October , Dubuffet organized a big exhibition at the Galerie Drouin, as a preface to which he wrote a pamphlet on l'art brut (art in the raw or crude state) and its superiority to 'cultural art': L' Art brut prefere aux arts culturels.