They destroyed many ships and killed many soldiers. Japanese fighter plane attacking Source: Pearl Harbor is located in Hawaii on the island of O'ahu.
The ships anchored in the harbour made perfect targets for the Japanese bombers, and, because it was Sunday morning a time chosen by the Japanese for maximum surprisethey were not fully manned.
Most of the damage to the battleships was inflicted in the first 30 minutes of the assault. The battleship USS Arizona blew up with a tremendous explosion. Riddled with bombs and torpedoesthe USS West Virginia settled on an even keel on the bottom of the harbour.
The USS Oklahoma, hit by four torpedoes within five minutes, rolled completely over, with its bottom and propeller rising above the waters of the harbour. The target ship USS Utah also was sunk. Hardly a vessel escaped damage.
The antiaircraft crews on the various vessels were fairly prompt in getting into action, and army personnel fired with what they had, but the force of the attack was in no serious way blunted. On December 7,Japanese airplanes strike the U. Less successful than the first, it nonetheless inflicted heavy damage.
The attack on Pearl Harbor was a surprise military strike by the Imperial Japanese Navy Air Service against the United States naval base at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii . Where is Pearl Harbor? Pearl Harbor is located in Hawaii on the island of O'ahu. Hawaii is located in the Pacific Ocean between California and Japan. During the time of World War II, Hawaii was not a state, but a US territory. Before the Attack World War II had been raging in Europe and Asia for two years, but the United States had not entered the war. The Japanese surprise attack on Pearl Harbor began just before 8 a.m. local time Sunday morning, December 7, For over an hour, in two waves, some Japanese aircraft—having taken off from six aircraft carriers miles north of Oahu—attacked the naval base.
The battleship USS Nevada had sustained a torpedo hit during the first wave, but its position at the end of Battleship Row allowed it greater freedom of action than the other moored capital ships. It was attempting to get underway when the second wave hit.
It was struck by seven or eight bombs and was grounded at the head of the channel. The battleship USS Pennsylvania was set ablaze by bombs, and the two destroyers moored near it were reduced to wrecks.
The destroyer USS Shaw was split in two by a great explosion. The Arizona and the Oklahoma were destroyed with great loss of life, and six other battleships suffered varying degrees of damage.
Three cruisersthree destroyers, and other vessels were also damaged. Heavy damage was inflicted on both army and navy aircraft on the ground.
The Japanese lost from 29 to 60 planes, five midget submarines, perhaps one or two fleet submarines, and fewer than men. The Japanese task force retired from the theatre of battle without being attacked.
There was, however, one consoling feature to the tragedy. As a result of the dispositions made by Kimmel, two U. Halseywas on a mission to reinforce the Wake Island garrison with marine planes and aviators.
These operations also meant that seven heavy cruisers and a division of destroyers were at sea.Roosevelt announced that the attack on Pearl Harbor was “a day that would live in infamy,” and he asked Congress for a declaration of war.
This article on what happened after the attack of Pearl Harbor is part of our larger selection of posts about the Pearl Harbor attack. Pearl Harbor attack, (December 7, ), surprise aerial attack on the U.S. naval base at Pearl Harbor on Oahu Island, Hawaii, by the Japanese that precipitated the entry of the United States into World War II.
Oral History of The Pearl Harbor Attack, 7 December Excerpt from Oral History of LT Horace D. Warden, MC (Medical Corps), USN, Medical Officer Aboard USS Breese (DM) on 7 December [Courtesy of Historian, Bureau of Medicine and Surgery].
Where is Pearl Harbor? Pearl Harbor is located in Hawaii on the island of O'ahu. Hawaii is located in the Pacific Ocean between California and Japan. During the time of World War II, Hawaii was not a state, but a US territory. Before the Attack World War II had been raging in Europe and Asia for two years, but the United States had not entered the war.
It has been over 60 years since the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor, Hawaii marked the entrance of The United States into World War II. Much has changed in the world since December 7, The world has seen several other wars - .
Pearl Harbor attack, (December 7, ), surprise aerial attack on the U.S. naval base at Pearl Harbor on Oahu Island, Hawaii, by the Japanese that precipitated the entry of the United States into World War II.